Citizenship through Naturalization: To qualify for naturalization, a person must be a permanent residence (exceptions are provided for persons who serve honorably in the U.S. military for at least one year or who serve in a time of was or declared hostilities). The person must be at least 18 years and has to have resided continuously in the U.S. for five years following receipt of green card. The residency requirement is reduced to 3 years for person who obtained green card under the Violence Against Women Act also may apply for citizenship within the 3 year period. An applicant for naturalization must be a person of good moral character for the requisite period of time. An applicant for naturalization must past the naturalization test (U.S. history and government) which is an oral exam.